Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis are easily diagnosed and treated
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that are usually spread from person to person during vaginal, anal, and oral sex. Three of the most common STDs are chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis. Although these three STDs are quite common, a lot of infected people do not show any symptoms, and are unaware that they have an STD and can pass the disease to others. Without treatment, these STDs can lead to serious health complications. However, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis are easy to test for and can be effectively treated. Get tested today in the privacy of your own home.
Why consider this test?
You should consider getting tested if:
- You are sexually active
- You have had unprotected sex
- You are entering a new relationship
- You are experiencing symptoms of an STD
- You have had a partner with an STD
If you suspect that you have been exposed to chlamydia, gonorrhea, or trichomoniasis, be aware that there is a “window period” of around two weeks where laboratory assays are unable to detect the bacteria that cause chlamydia and gonorrhea, and a “window period” of around 3-6 weeks where laboratory assays are unable to detect the protozoa that causes trichomoniasis.
How It Works
Order your test
Choose the test that matches your need from our large array of tests. The kit will be delivered to your doorstep. There is no need to leave the comfort of your home.
Collect your sample
Register and activate your test. Collect your sample. Return your sample to our lab as soon as possible, using the prepaid envelope included in the kit.
Your sample will be tested as soon as it arrives in our lab. Your results will be available through our secure online platform.
What’s included in the Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Trichomoniasis Test?
Chlamydia is an STD caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. It is the most commonly reported bacterial infection worldwide. Approximately 60% of new chlamydia infections occur in individuals aged between 15 and 24 years, with reported chlamydia rates in females being approximately two times the rate among males.
Although many infected individuals do not show any symptoms, untreated chlamydia infections can lead to serious health complications. In females, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), and PID-associated infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain can occur. Untreated chlamydia during pregnancy has been associated with preterm delivery. Complications in untreated males can include epididymitis, sterility, and prostatis. Other potential complications include gonococcal bacteremia, pharyngitis, and reactive arthritis. Chlamydia infections also facilitate the transmission of HIV infection.
Chlamydia is diagnosed by nucleic acid amplification testing of vaginal swabs or urine specimens. It is easily cured with antibiotics; however, repeat chlamydial infections from sexual contact with an infected partner are common, which increase the risk of serious reproductive health complications.
Gonorrhea is an STD caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. In women, gonorrhea can affect the cervix, uterus, and fallopian tubes. In men, the infection affects the urethra. This bacterium can also infect the mucous membrane of mouth, eyes, and rectum.
Many infected individuals do not show any symptoms of gonorrhea; however untreated gonorrheal infections can lead to serious health complications. In females, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), and PID-associated infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain can occur. Untreated gonorrhea during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage and inflammation of the lining of the uterus. Complications in untreated males can include epididymitis, sterility, and prostatis. Other potential complications include gonococcal bacteremia, pharyngitis, and reactive arthritis. Gonorrhea infections also facilitate the transmission of HIV infection.
Gonorrhea is diagnosed by nucleic acid amplification testing of vaginal swabs or urine specimens. It is cured with dual antibiotic therapy; however, repeat gonorrheal infections from sexual contact with an infected partner are common, which increase the risk of serious reproductive health complications.
Trichomoniasis is caused by a protozoan parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. Infections occur in the lower genital tract, vulva, vagina, cervix, and urethra of women. The inside of the penis (urethra) is the most commonly infected body part of men.
Most individuals infected with trichomoniasis remain asymptomatic, with only approximately 30% of infected individuals showing symptoms. Trichomoniasis infections are associated with an increased risk of contracting other STDs, including a two to three-fold increased risk of HIV. Pregnant women with trichomoniasis have an increased risk of premature rupture of membranes, preterm delivery and giving birth to an infant with a low birth weight. Trichomoniasis is also associated with an increased risk of the transmission of HIV from an HIV-positive mother to her child.
Trichomoniasis is diagnosed by nucleic acid amplification testing of vaginal swabs or urine specimens. It is easily cured with antibiotics; however reinfections can occur after treatment through subsequent sexual contact with an infected partner.
Here are the answers to the most frequently asked questions about this test. Please feel free to contact us if you have any other questions.
How does the Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Trichomoniasis Test work?
To take a urine sample, use the collection cup provided and transfer a small amount of the urine into the sample vial. Place your sample in the specimen bag provided and mail it back to the lab using the prepaid envelope inside the kit.
Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis are detected using a molecular testing technique known as nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT), which detects the presence of the STD DNA from a urine sample. NAAT tests are the most sensitive assy for detection of these STDs, and can be performed rapidly.
Why should I get tested?
Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis are common STDs, particularly in individuals aged between 15 and 24 years, but many infected individuals remain asymptomatic. Testing is simple and non-invasive. Treatment is simple and effective and will prevent any complications associated with these STDs.
Can I get chlamydia, gonorrhea, or trichomoniasis again?
Yes. Although antibiotic treatment is effective for the current infection, it does not prevent future infections through exposure to an infected individual.
If I get a positive result, what should I do next?
Contact a health professional to begin a course of prescribed antibiotics as soon as possible. Abstain from sexual contact until the completion of the antibiotic course. Ensure that any recent sexual partners are aware of your diagnosis so they can also request testing.
How are chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis treated?
Chlamydia and trichomoniasis are easily treated with antibiotics. Gonorrhea is easily treated with dual antibiotics. If your test is positive, talk to your healthcare provider. Refrain from sexual activity until your antibiotic course is completed. If your symptoms do not subside after a few days of taking antibiotics, visit your healthcare provider.
It is important to complete your antibiotic treatment, since inappropriately treated partners can pass on the disease. Repeat infections are common, particularly in women. Multiple infections in women can lead to reproductive complications.
How can chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis be prevented?
Avoiding vaginal, rectal or oral sex is the only sure-fire way to prevent STDs. If you are sexually active, male condoms when used properly, reduce the risk of getting or giving chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis. Long-term monogamous relationships with a tested partner also reduce the risk.
How common are chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis?
Any sexually active individual is at risk of chlamydia, gonorrhea and trichomoniasis, with an increased risk among younger individuals. Chlamydia is one of the most prevalent STDs in the US with 1,758,668 cases reported to CDC in 2018, corresponding to a rate of 539.9 cases per 100,000 population. However, due to many individuals remaining asymptomatic and not undergoing testing, annual chlamydia cases are estimated to be closer to 2.86 million.
Gonorrhea is also a common STD in the US with 583,405 cases reported to the CDC in 2018, corresponding to a rate of 179.1 cases per 100,000 population. 50-60% of new chlamydia and gonorrhea infections occur in individuals aged between 15 and 24 years. The prevalence of chlamydial and gonorrheal infections varies between racial and ethnic groups, with significantly higher rates among blacks compared to whites.
There are estimated to be 3.7 million trichomoniasis-infected individuals in the United States. Trichomoniasis prevalence is significantly higher among African American females (9.6-13%), compared to Hispanic (1.4%) and non-Hispanic white females (0.8-1.8%).
Are false-negative and false-positive results possible?
A negative result does not exclude the possibility of infection. False-negative test results may occur due to improper specimen collection, concurrent antibiotic therapy, presence of inhibitors, or organism levels below the sensitivity of this assay (which is common within 2 weeks post-exposure).
False-positive results are rare. A false-positive result may also occur directly after successful antimicrobial therapy, as C. trachomatis, N. gonorrhoeae, and T. vaginalis nucleic acids may persist for 3 weeks or more.