Gonorrhoeae is a STD caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It affects the layer of cells that lines the reproductive tract (the mucous membranes). In women, gonorrhea infections can affect the cervix, uterus and the fallopian tubes. In men, the infection affects the urethra. This bacterium can also infect the mucous membrane of mouth, eyes and the rectum.
Gonorrhea is one of the most common STDs reported in individuals between the ages of 15 and 24. According to the CDC (Centre for Disease Control) more than 1.14 million new gonorrhea infections occur every year just in the US.
Transmission of gonorrhea occurs through sexual contact with the penis, vagina, mouth or the anus of an infected individual. It can also be passed on to a baby perinatally if they mother has an untreated infection at the time of delivery. Gonorrhea infections may cause blindness, lung infections and life-threatening blood infections in the baby.
It is possible to contract gonorrhea more than once.
Most individuals infected with gonorrhea are asymptomatic or do not show symptoms.
- Pain and burning while urinating
- Abdominal pain
- Rectal pain, swelling or discharge
- Vaginal discharge
- Bleeding after sex
- Bleeding between periods
- Discharge from the penis
- Swollen testicles
- Itching or burning of the penis
Infection in the rectum will lead to
- Itching in the anus
- Pain when making a bowel movement
- Rectal bleeding
Symptoms of oral gonorrhea
- Red, sore throat
- Lymph node swelling in the neck
Who should get tested?
If you have genital symptoms such as burning during urination, sores, discharge or a rash in the genital area
Having sexual contact (oral, anal or vaginal sex) with a partner who has been diagnosed with an STD
Who should be screened?
- all sexually active women under 25 should be screened
- older women at high risk due to new or multiple partners or a partner with an STI should be screened
- pregnant women should be screened on their first prenatal visit and during the third trimester
- Retesting 3 months after receiving treatment for women
HOW IT WORKS
Order your test.
Choose the test that matches your need from your large array of tests. The kit will be delivered to your door step. There is no need to leave the comfort of your home.
Collect your sample.
Register and activate your test. Collect your sample first thing in the morning. Return your sample to our lab as soon as possible, using the prepaid envelope included in the kit.
Your sample will be tested as soon as it arrives in our lab. Your results will be available through our secure online platform.
Details and FAQs
Here are some of the most frequently asked questions we usually get. Please feel free to contact us if you have any other questions.
To take a urine sample, use the collection cup provided and transfer a small amount of the urine into the sample vial. For collecting a vaginal sample, use the provided swab. Place your sample in the specimen bag provided and mail it back to the lab using the prepaid envelop inside the kit.
Our lab uses a molecular testing technique known as nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT), which detects the presence of bacterial DNA from a urine sample or a vaginal swab. NAAT tests are the most sensitive and can be performed rapidly to detect gonorrhea infections.
Gonorrhea is easily treated with dual antibiotics. If your test is positive, talk to your healthcare provider. Refrain from sexual activity until your antibiotic course is completed. If your symptoms do not subside after a few days of taking antibiotics, visit your healthcare provider.
It is important to complete your antibiotic treatment, since inappropriately treated partners can pass on the disease. Antibiotic resistance is a common concern with effectively treating individuals how have recurrent gonorrhea infections.
Left untreated gonorrhea can cause pelvic inflammatory disease in women. Damage to the fallopian tube can lead to infertility and increase the risk of ectopic pregnancies. In men, it can lead to inflammation of the epididymis (the tube that stores and carries sperm). In rare cases, epididymitis can cause infertility.
Avoiding vaginal, rectal or oral sex is the only sure-fire way to prevent STDs.
If you are sexually active
Male condoms when used properly, reduces the risk of getting or giving gonorrhea. Long-term monogamous relationships with a tested partner can also reduce your risk.