There are over 100 related strains of human papilloma virus (HPV), which can be passed via sexual activity. Most of these infections are not associated with symptoms and will clear on their own. However, there are some strains of HPV that can lead to the development of genital warts, abnormal cervical cells and increase the risk of cancers, including cancers of the cervix, vagina, vulva, penis, anus and parts of the mouth and throat.
According to the CDC (Centre for Disease Control) 79 million Americans are infected by HPV. Transmission occurs when direct contact is made with an individual with an infection through vaginal, anal or oral sex. HPV does not spread through body fluids but can be contracted even if the individual is not showing signs of infection.
Infected mothers can pass HPV to their babies during delivery. However, the rate of transmission from mother to child is rare.
Mucosal HPV types invade cells that live on mucosal surfaces like the lining of the genitals, mouth and throat. They can be further subdivided into low-risk HPV types and high-risk types.
Infections involving low-risk HPV types are characterized by warts. These warts are cauliflower-shaped and are found in the genitals and the anus of affected individuals. Warts can appear in areas that are unnoticeable in women (e.g. cervix and vagina). Low-risk HPV types rarely lead to cancer.
The high-risk HPV types are linked to cancers in both men and women.
The CDC recommends HPV testing for
- Women over the age of 30
- If you have had an abnormal PAP test
HOW IT WORKS
Order your test.
Choose the test that matches your need from our large array of tests. The kit will be delivered to your door step. There is no need to leave the comfort of your home.
Collect your sample.
Register and activate your test. Collect your sample first thing in the morning. Return your sample to our lab as soon as possible, using the prepaid envelope included in the kit.
Your sample will be tested as soon as it arrives in our lab. Your results will be available through our secure online platform.
Details and FAQs
Here are some of the most frequently asked questions we usually get. Please feel free to contact us if you have any other questions.
To take a blood sample, use the supplies provided in the kit. Place your sample in the specimen bag provided and mail it back to the lab using the prepaid envelop inside the kit.
Screening and diagnosis of hepatitis involves detecting the presence of HPV DNA in your blood. This test detects the most commonly found HPV variants.
There is no treatment for HPV. Vaccination is recommended around age 11 to 12 for both boys and girls.
Avoiding vaginal, rectal or oral sex is the only sure-fire way to prevent STDs.
- If you are sexually active
- Male condoms when used properly, reduces the risk of getting hepatitis.
- Long-term monogamous relationships with a tested partner can also reduce your risk.